The Eastland disaster
A large crowd of horrified spectators watched as the S.S. Eastland -- only a few feet from the shore of the Chicago River downtown -- turned on its side. It was in just 20 feet of water, but that was deep enough to drown 844 people who were trapped or trampled below decks.
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The ill-fated steamer S.S. Eastland rests on her side in the Chicago River, with rescuers conducting investigations on the dead on the ships upturned side. The boat turned over within 12 feet of the shore.